The set of behavioral and psychological changes that occur as a direct result of the physiological effects of a substance on the central nervous system is called substance intoxication. When people are intoxicated, their perceptions change and they may see or hear strange things. Their attention is often diminished or they are easily distracted. A disability to think straight happens because their good judgment tends to be gone. Stumbling and slowing of reactions happen because they cannot anymore control their bodies. They often want to sleep either a lot or not at all. Their interpersonal interactions change- they may become more sociable than usual, more quiet, or more aggressive and impulsive. After ingesting a substance, people become intoxicated. Then, intoxication speeds up once more and more substance are ingested. Intoxication begins to decline as the amount of substance in people’s blood or tissue declines, but the symptoms of intoxication may last for hours or days after the substance is no longer detectable in the body.
The type of symptoms people develop is often influenced by the setting in which the substance is taken. The environment in which people become intoxicated can also influence how maladaptive the intoxication is. People who typically takes in addictive substances at bars and drive home under the influence of these drugs can be in a higher risk to cause harm on themselves and others as compared to people who use it only at home.
Most people have been intoxicated at sometime in their lives. The diagnosis of substance intoxication is given only when the behavioral and psychological changes the person experiences are significantly maladaptive in that they cause substantial disruption in the person’s social and family relationships, cause occupational or financial problems, or place the individual at significant risk for adverse effects, such as traffic accidents, severe medical complications, or legal problems.
Substance intoxication can be very dangerous because there is a higher rate for it to start big problems. It is important when one starts to see signs that an individual is having substance intoxication, he or she should react quickly. When you want to save that particular person from the dangers of substance intoxication, one should be prepared to know about drug rehab. A drug rehab uses different kinds of methods to help get better from substance intoxication. One of these is the use of cognitive treatments. Cognitive treatments aid addicted individuals to clear out the individual’s way of thinking that substances will aid them to cope better in any difficult situations. A change in the cognitive vision about these substances would be confronted by specialists which would then paved the way to helping these individuals change the way they think. Meanwhile, there is also called a behavioral treatment as part of a drug rehab. Behavioral treatment uses aversive classical conditioning to help substance intoxicated individuals to recover. Also, part of behavioral way of treatment is the covert sensitization therapy. In covert sensitization therapy, people are being used with imagery that will create a link to the thoughts of using substances and the high unpleasant outcome after using it. Also, there is also the process of biological treatment that prescribes a certain drug to counter the effects of the substance being used.
Getting to know substance intoxication and drug rehab is very important because if one is not properly informed, he or she may experience dangerous consequences as a result of an individual taking in addictive substances.